Tuesday, 23rd April 2019


The agricultural industry is constantly developing, and so do the employment opportunities. The obvious employer for those in the agricultural industry would be farms.

However, there are now many types of farms, specialising in particular areas. The agricultural industry used to be made up of small mixed farms that dealt in both livestock and arable farming, but the industry has now moved towards having large units, usually specialising in one or the other.

Different types

Farm is a very generic term used commonly to describe a place that grows or nurtures plants, crops or animals for food.

The word farm is used in all areas of agricultural industry, including game and aquaculture, but the most common generic types of farm that employ the majority of agricultural workers are:

  • Crop or arable farms
  • Livestock (sheep, pigs, cows, dairy, poultry, egg supply) farms
  • Mixed farms (a combination of both)

Farms, both arable and livestock, are often family run and have been passed down through the generations, adapting to changing technologies and demand, and growing in size.

According to Lantra, there are roughly around 150,000 agricultural crops and livestock businesses, and the majority of these businesses will be farms, of all types and sizes.

How to get into the farming industry

As the nature of farming tends to be a family affair, it can be difficult for young people to break into the business and there is a great shortage of young workers in the farming industry.

According to Lantra, between 97 and 98% of farm businesses in livestock and crop agriculture employ less than ten staff.

However, entry into the business depends greatly on the role and people with technical skills and qualifications are highly valued in this ever-changing industry.

Farms are most often based outside in the open air, working in all weather conditions. Some farms may be based in a warehouse, but the majority of the work will be hands-on and practical, requiring specific technical skills as well as environmental awareness.

Find out about more job paths by following the previous link.