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Construction is the process of building or assembling buildings and infrastructure."
It has been described as 'a feat of human multitasking' as it is managed and supervised by a range of people, from architects to engineers and designers.
The building and construction industry involves the creation of housing, offices and public buildings.
Effective planning is essential as there are numerous factors to consider; the environmental impacts of the materials used and where they are resourced from has become crucial in recent years. The recession has also had a large impact on the industry, therefore managers must be careful to create and stick to a budget.
Housing makes up a large part of the UK construction industry.
In the past, public housing dominated the market, but nowadays private housing has taken over and makes up the majority of the house building industry.
Private house building faired badly during the recession, with the demand for private housing contracts dropping dramatically.
However, it has picked up again and is still demanded more than public housing, which leads for a steady increase in career opportunities for young people.
There is a lot of regulation surrounding the house building industry. Many of these regulations came into place after the Baker Report (2004), which reported that there was a demand for more affordable housing.
Now the UK Government have ambitious sustainability targets which housing contractors need to meet.
House builders are having to be more innovative in their practices, adopting modern methods of construction.
The building and construction employs around 2.35 million people, about 8% of the UK workforce (NationalCareersService).
There are a range of career paths, including architecture, engineering and construction and planning.
Jobs in building and construction vary from management and design roles to physical and technical positions.
For more in-depth information on the the different job paths within Building and Construction, please follow the below links:
As there are many different types of job role within the Building and Construction sector, there are many different ways to get into the industry.
Physical building and construction jobs such as labourers and construction managers need less academic qualifications and more technical skill and work experience, whilst engineers and architects will need to train for years before finding a paid job.
Apprenticeships are a common route into building and construction and offer a great way of learning the practical skills required, whilst gaining experience in the working environment.