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Primary schools are the first level of compulsory education for children. Children generally attend primary school from around the age of four or five until eleven or twelve.
Teachers will be required to further develop the knowledge and abilities of young children and provide them with the necessary learning tools to help them progress into secondary education.
The law requires that parents ensure their child receives a full-time education. This means attending school on a regular bases.
If attendance drops to a worrying level, authorities and schools have the power (as a last resort) to deal with the situation accordingly.
The National Curriculum is taught to all pupils in state or independent schools and is made up of years, known as key stages: Year 1 and Year 2 of primary school are known as Key Stage 1; Years 3 to 6 of primary school are known as Key Stage 2.
Compulsory National Curriculum subjects for Key Stage 1 and 2 include:
Schools may also have to teach religious education, however parents have the right to remove the children from the classes if they wish. Schools are also advised to teach PSHE (Personal Social and Health Educations), citizenship and at least one modern foreign language.
State schools are educational institutions that are funded and run by the government. State schools are the largest employers in the education sector, with local authorities usually responsible for employing the most teachers for all types of school.
State schools can be primary, secondary, academies or specialist technology centres. Not all of them are run directly by the state, in which case, the individual schools may be responsible for recruiting staff. State schools also employ teaching administration and learning support staff. Vacancies for jobs in state schools are advertised by the local authorities or in local press.
Private and independent schools are not funded by local authorities, but by school fees, so run themselves independently of the state. There are around 2,600 independent schools in the UK and most independent schools, except the largest, have fewer than 250 staff. Private schools, whilst employing less staff, offer different work commitments and school term dates.
For job opportunities at private schools, they may also be advertised in the press, but applications will most likely be addressed to the individual institution.