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Working in higher education institutions, such as universities, is quite popular for qualified scientists, particularly for those with PhDs. Whilst higher educational training is seen as preparation for a career in scientific research or medical science, universities can offer doctoral science graduates good employment opportunities.
According to Vitae approximately one fifth of employed science graduates have posts within university research institutions. Within universities, teaching and research often go hand in hand. Therefore, in medical science, as well as in research and development, there are many employment opportunities in higher educational institutions.
Historically, universities have had strong connections with scientific research and development. With benefactors and research grants from the government, universities can offer an ideal setting for research projects. As well as teaching, university lecturers are often involved with research assignments on the side. Permanent positions, for lecturers who also work in research, can be few and far between, depending on the type of science.
Biological and physical sciences are areas which employ a good amount of researchers and lecturers within universities and affiliated institutions. Universities will look for doctoral graduates (with PhDs) who are capable of publishing their own research, coming up with innovative research ideas, and finding funding. However, these research positions are more likely to be on fixed-term contracts.
Lecturing positions, whether in medical science or in another area, will usually require a postgraduate qualification, and research positions are often only open to doctoral graduates.