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Aquaculture, as an industry, deals with the farming of all types of fish and seafood, in both inland and coastal areas. This industry requires intervention in the breeding of aquatic organisms in order to boost production and cultivation.
The process of rearing fish and seafood varies dramatically depending on the type of fish being farmed, but most processes involved in fish farming are highly technical. In the UK the types of aquaculture range from intensive to extensive farming.
Aquaculture in this country is a rapidly growing industry, reported to be one of the world’s fastest growing food producers. There are over 3,000 people working in the industry, either in fish farms, hatcheries or angling organisations.
The aquaculture industry is subject to frequent alterations and developments due to changing customer demands for cheap, quality-assured, traceable fish and seafood, on top of fears that world fish stocks are declining. Consumers are becoming ever more discerning about where their food comes from, and this can affect the cost of production. Environmental factors are also important to the industry, as sustainable development is required to fit tight regulations.
Due to substantial developments in aquaculture, new entrants into the industry are expected to have a wider range of practical skills. There are many different roles within the industry and, whilst positions can be scarce, there can be good opportunities for young skilled workers.
Larger fish farms are mainly concentrated in Scotland, but are located all around the UK from north Yorkshire to the south of England.