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The term investment banking is often used to cover a whole range of activities within the financial sector. Investment bankers provide a wide range of services to a variety of companies and institutions. The main aim of an investment banker is to increase a bank's funds and in doing so increase the income and value of that bank.
Investment (or merchant) bankers provide financial services such as advising on and leading business mergers, raising capital for clients by arranging new deals and coming up with efficient strategies. They assist clients with their business activities and try to get the most out of their investments.
Clients will expect investment bankers to advise them on how best to proceed with investing money, company expansion plans, and how to raise capital. Investment bankers need to have a wide range of financial knowledge, and be able to come up with efficient and successful strategies.
In order to create funds an investment banker must either sell stock within the company or seek venture capital, which is essentially investing in businesses for a percentage in ownership of that company. The investment banker will then hope that the value of the shares in that company will rise so they can be sold.
Investment bankers must have an intricate knowledge of the government regulations, company policies and economic trends that have a big impact on the decisions and risks a banker can take.