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Agricultural science covers a variety of areas in farming: animal science, crop science and soil science. There needs to be constant research into new methods of farming, and agricultural scientists will specialise in a particular area.
Agricultural scientists who specialise in soil and crop development in particular would work closely with arable farmers and fruit growers, as well as manufacturers of various farming products. The success of crop production relies on many factors, and agricultural scientists will have to conduct research into various subjects such as diseases, pest control and chemicals.
Quality of soil is vital to sustaining crop production, as well as supporting plant and animal life, so research is crucial to the industry.
Typical duties of an agricultural scientist might include:
Agricultural scientists are employed by research institutions, environmental organisations or other farm companies. They might work outside on location, visiting farms and testing products. They may also be based in an office. Some agricultural scientists might be needed in laboratories, testing products and samples in a controlled environment.
Agricultural science is an enormous although lesser-known industry and scientists have opportunities of work all over the country, or even abroad. They are usually well-qualified and highly-skilled, and there are a number of graduate positions available in this area of work.