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"Scientists investigate that which already is; engineers create that which has never been." Albert Einstein
Everything in the world that is built or produced is designed, or at least heavily contributed to, by engineers. Furthermore, engineering crosses over into numerous other disciplines, including sciences, art, medicine, technology, finance and construction and even into the intangible, such as politics. Consequently, there are numerous specialisms which fall under engineering, the more obvious of which perhaps include:
As a process which focuses on problem solving, design and the creation of new 'things', engineering has always been at the forefront of modern thinking and today it is one of the most evolved industries.
Most engineers will specialise; they simply have to, given the breadth and depth of areas of specialism. However, as a general rule, those wishing for a career should look at doing A-levels or equivalent in engineering related subjects, such as Physics, Chemistry or Maths, before studying an accredited degree at university. Due to the competitiveness of the industry and the general complex nature of the work involved, employers will almost always expect degree or Master's qualifications.