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Journalists research and write articles, features and news stories for local, regional and national newspapers, magazines and journals and cover all areas of interest. Many journalists will specialise in a certain field and correspondents will report from a particular geographical location.
News teams will allocate stories to journalists and reporters who will research and write the material before submitting it to an editor for approval.
Journalists must ensure that their work is well written, concise, pertinent, and that it follows the style and reflects the viewpoint of the newspaper or magazine in which it will be published. They must therefore keep up to date with trends and developments relating to both the publication and the readership.
They attend meetings in order to discuss ideas for new articles which would be interesting to the readership of the publication and will research the subject in depth, which may involve preparing, conducting, transcribing and summarising interviews, before writing.
Journalism is the general term which covers a vast selection of job positions at all levels. For example the people working both at the bottom and the very top of a newspaper or magazine publishing house hierarchy are all journalists.
A large percentage of journalists works on a freelance basis and will write for a number of different newspapers, magazines and journals. The work available to a freelance journalist is not always consistent so they need to spend a lot of time looking for work, networking and building their contacts.
In-house journalists generally have more job security, although they are perhaps more limited in terms of material they can write about as they must cater to a specific readership.
The job is renowned for being stressful, often demanding irregular working hours due to tight deadlines and the need to react to breaking news.