Friday, 19th April 2019


In the simplest terms, pathology is the clinical study of diseases – their causes, their effects and the ways in which to treat them. Pathologists examine organic tissues and study cells and molecules, paying special attention to cell mutations and irregularities using a variety of equipment and experiments – microscopic, biochemical, microbiological, radiographic and clinical.

They seldom work directly with patients in hospitals; they are more commonly found in laboratories and educational institutions, researching and examining specimens. Physicians will call upon pathologists to conduct tests in order to diagnose patients’ diseases and measure the stages the diseases have reached.

Pathologists often conduct or assist post-mortem examinations in order to determine causes of death, particularly if the cause is unknown, such as cases involving suspected poisoning. They conduct further study on samples taken from the deceased, monitor the effectiveness of treatments given to patients and work towards finding effective treatments and cures for certain illnesses.

As the number of diseases that can affect the various parts of the human anatomy is so incomprehensibly vast, pathologists will usually specialise in one or more specific areas of pathology, or will concentrate on one component of the human anatomy, such as the skin, the brain or the blood.

The position of a pathologist is extremely senior and many pathologists will divide their time between medical research and teaching. Teaching could take place in medical schools, hospitals or universities and students vary from seasoned physicians to trainee nurses.