Thursday, 23rd May 2019


Meteorologists work in the study of the earth’s atmosphere, climate and weather patterns, researching influences and causes, and predicting forecasts. They take information and data from the land, sea and atmosphere and use it to understand the causes of different weather conditions. They may study the impact of the weather on the environment, specifically looking at the impacts of climate change and global warming.

Meteorologists can choose to specialise in research or in forecasting, which are the main two areas of work. However, all meteorologists can help to create weather forecasts for use by the general public, aviation sectors, armed forces and the agriculture industry.

Working in forecasting might involve the following tasks:

  • Collecting and analysing data from satellite images, radars and global weather stations
  • Measuring air pressure, wind speed, temperature and humidity in the atmosphere
  • Using computer systems to create long-running forecasts, using principles of physics and maths
  • Supplying and presenting data and research
  • Coding weather reports for international transmission

Meteorologists focusing on research may be involved in:

  • Investigating specialist areas, including climate change and effects on weather patterns
  • Developing an understanding of extreme weather conditions such as earthquakes, floods, storms and droughts
  • Modifying and refining numerical and computerised models to improve accuracy of forecasts
  • Applying data and research results to practical problems such as climate change or to predict floods, tornados or other extreme weather conditions

As with all scientific research fields, keeping up-to-date with relevant developments and findings is very important. Meteorologists have a very specific expertise, and will be expected to have the relevant skills and experience. Meteorologists can be employed by big public sector organisations such as the Met Office or the BBC, or could work for private environmental consultancies and research centres.