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Programmers are the individuals who write the complex and lengthy computer software that allows computers to function as they do. Most will specialise in a particular style of code or in a particular format apt to what they are working on. The very best can work as freelancers who are called in specially to resolve issues or improve current code systems in place.
In some ways, programming is one of the most basic aspects to all of software development. The process involves testing the code, installing and implementing it and finally maintaining it ensuring the systems are working as they should be.
Most programmers are hired by software companies or businesses that focus on IT. Despite the recent IT boom in the past 20 years, and in particular programming, there are currently surprisingly few vacancies in the profession. It is becoming ever more competitive and programmers can no longer rely on basic code writing to set themselves ahead of their competition.
Before even starting to job hunt, all programmers should be able to write code themselves. This can either be learnt through courses or self-taught. In both cases this requires not only a high level of understanding of computer systems but also demands motivation in abundance.
Computer games and apps are now the biggest area for the most and best programmers to work in. The computer games industry is not only a multi-billion pound one but requires some of the most complex programming in all of IT. If this is an area of particular interest individuals are advised to learn coding themselves before applying for a computer games company or manufacturer.
When Apple launched their iPhone in 2007, the world was first introduced to "apps" which has fast become a huge market. There are hundreds of apps up for sale on iPhones, Androids and other Smartphones. App designers are needed to come up with new programmes for phones, e-readers and tablets, and can use their programming skills to do this.