Tuesday, 23rd April 2019


Psychotherapy is the umbrella term that covers a range of talking therapies. Psychotherapists are, on the whole, trained practitioners who work with people over a short or long term to help them bring about effective change, enhance their sense of wellbeing or explore underlying issues to empower people, enabling them to manage symptoms of psychological disorder, such as anxiety, depression or eating disorders.

Psychotherapy is very similar to counselling in that both involve verbal communication between a service user and an impartial ear with the aim of tackling particular issues, however, as a general rule, psychotherapists tend to deal with more profound issues which have arisen from a specific root - things which are causing prolonged distress or trauma.

There are various methods of approach to psychotherapy that can focused on, varied and combined, which include:

  • Psychodynamic - This method is based upon childhood experiences, dreams, the unconscious and the dynamics of the client-therapist relationship.
  • Behavioural - This method is based upon the belief that damaging and destructive behaviours can be reversed or reconditioned.
  • Cognitive - This approach aims to help the individual question and eventually change self-critical thoughts and the expected responses.
  • Humanist and integrative approach - These methods are based on self-development, improvement and personal growth. These deal more with the individual's spiritual side and consciousness.

There are many issues that can be presented to a psychotherapist and may affect the area they would like to specialise in. These include issues such as childhood abuse, relationship breakdown, domestic violence and major trauma.

Psychotherapists can practice in a range of different work environments, including general hospitals, psychiatric hospitals, GP surgeries, private practices, schools, colleges and universities, prisons, The Armed Forces and a wide range of voluntary organisations.

Depression with anxiety is experienced by 9.2 per cent of people in Britain.