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Marine science is a very wide field, where marine scientists work in the research and analysis of all areas concerning oceans - their nature and the marine life forms they contain. Marine scientists combine specialist skills with a love for the sea and an interest in ocean life, and apply their expertise to the analysis of how the sea interacts with the land, the earth’s surface and the environment.
Research into marine science can look into the sea’s relationship with the earth’s crust, the seafloors, coastal areas, animal and plant life and the atmosphere, and scientists can specialise in a subject to become:
Marine scientists can be employed by a number of public or private sector companies (universities, environment organisations and commercial companies, such as energy providers), to find information about the sea and its relationships and to predict changes in the environment. Marine scientists aim to find information that helps to encourage the protection of the marine environment.
Work for marine scientists can vary depending on the specialism, but generally their roles include some of the following research and analysis tasks:
The broad field of marine science can include the specialisms of marine biology, ecosystem dynamics, ocean modelling, coastal management and zoology, amongst others, but generally marine scientists focus on the sea's relationship with its surroundings. Whilst all marine scientists are required to have scientific skill and marine expertise, they will often have to specialise in one area and obtain the relevant qualifications.
Marine scientists can split time working in an office, in a laboratory or out in the field on sea-going vessels. Regardless of the employer, or the specialism, marine scientists all share a common interest in the sea and its protection.